Crompton, Samuel Willard. 100 Famous Americans Who
Changed History. Milwaukee: World Almanac Library, 2005.
This is a book with 100 different Americans who changed history and Jackie Robinson was in it. This book gave examples of how Jackie didn't let racism get to him.
Cummings, Denis. “On This Day: Jackie Robinson Joins the
Brooklyn Dodgers” [“On This Day: Jackie Robinson Joins the Brooklyn Dodgers”]. Finding Dulcinea. Dulcinea Media, 10 Apr. 2011. Web. 1 Nov. 2012.
This is a website that gave info on the early stages of Jackie's MLB career. I used it for extra info on Jackie breaking the color barrier.
Daugherty, Jason. "RaceBall 2012." Race Ball.
New Century Foundation, 4 May 2012. Web. 17 Mar. 2013.
This website gave statistics of the number of black baseball players in the MLB.
Elish, Dan. Jackie Robinson. N.p.: Scholastic, n.d. Print.
This is a small book with a lot good facts related to the topic.
It gave good info on various things.
“Jackie Robinson” [“Jackie Robinson”].
Biography. A+E Television Networks, 2012. Web. 30 Oct. 2012.
This is a website that gives examples of Jackie speaking out against racism.
I used it for specific examples of things that Jackie did to fight for
others' civil rights.
King, Coretta Scott. Jackie Robinson. Jackie Robinson ed. N.p.: Chelsea, 1987.
Print. Black Americans of Achievement.
This is a book written by famous author, Coretta Scott King, the wife of Dr. Martin
Luther King. It gives examples of Jackie speaking out with his restaurant, Chock Full O Nuts.
Robinson, Sharon. Promises to Keep. New York:
Scholastic, 2004. Print.
This is a book written by Jackie's daughter. She gives examples of different encounters Jackie had in the major
Ward, Geoffrey.Baseball. New York: Baseball Film Project, 1994. Print.
This is a book about baseball that includes a section on Jackie. It also gives examples of Jackie's encounters in the major
Jackie and Martin Luther King. Blogspot. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2012.
This is a photo of Jackie and Martin Luther King. It shows that Jackie was involved in civil rights and was with the leader
of the movement.
Jackie Robinson and Branch Rickey. 29 Aug. 1945. Photograph.
This is a photo of Jackie and GM Branch Rickey. It shows Jackie signing his first MLB contract.
“Jackie Robinson, Civil Rights Advocate” [“Jackie Robinson, Civil Rights Advocate”].
Archives. The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration, n.d. Web. 31 Oct. 2012.
This is a website that has many letters Jackie wrote to important leaders. I used it to show that Jackie fought for the civil rights of
Letter to Jackie Robinson. 1947. MS.
This was a letter written to Jackie before his first MLB game. It's an example of how Jackie handled racism well.
There are many reasons why I chose Jackie Robinson as my topic for National History Day. One reason is I love baseball. I have played and watched baseball since I was four years old. I have always been a huge fan. Another reason I chose Jackie Robinson as my topic, is he is one of my idols. I have always admired the way he plays, his bravery, and his courage. Lastly, I am interested in the Civil Rights movement, which Jackie was greatly involved in.
I also used many different research methods. First, I went to the Middle School Library to obtain books. I found one biography and one book that was titled "100 Different Americans Who Changed History". This book had a section on Jackie Robinson that gave examples of the struggles of his first Major League Baseball season. Then
I went to the public library and got five books pertaining to Jackie Robinson's life. The best book was written by Sharon Robinson, Jackie's daughter. I continued my research by looking for websites. For primary sources I searched Jackie Robinson documents and found letters he wrote to important leaders. One letter he wrote was to President Eisenhower, it was interesting because it emphasized Jackie's frustration in the treatment of blacks and Eisenhower's lack of action.
I chose a website over an exhibit for a couple of reasons. The main reason I chose a website is because it's easier to convert information to a website than a board. I also chose a website because I had never created a website before and thought it would be a good learning experience. To create my website I started by using my NHD paper as an outline. Then I researched photos that were related to the topics. Lastly, I looked for multimedia that would make the website more creative.
My entry relates to this year's theme because all of my historical content explains why Jackie Robinson is responsible for a turning point in history. My website has three
sections that explain why Jackie Robinson is responsible for each of these turning points.